# Course Descriptions

## ARC240 / Sketching [1-2, 2 cr.]

This general course on sketching stresses freehand drawing techniques with pencil and charcoal as well as the basics of watercolor rendering.

## ARC241 / Technical Graphics [1-2, 2 cr.]

This course is an introduction to the basics of formal representation with two-dimensional representation of objects through orthographic projections and auxiliary drawings, isometric and axonometric drawings, and the basics of shade and shadows. This studio also introduces students to the various tools and techniques of technical drawing in pencil and ink.

## ARC311 / Building Systems I [3-0, 3 cr.]

This course is an introductory course to the basic laws of equilibrium, covering forces on particles, bodies and structures or assemblage of elements, simple algebraic applications of the equations of equilibrium in 1-D and 2-D with free body diagram analysis. The course includes experimental investigation of the stability of structures such as solid object, beams, frames, trusses, and simple buildings, and the different ways to support gravity and other loads by vertical transfer and later transfer of forces. The course also includes an introduction to the concept of compressive and tensile uni-axial stresses in structural members and to internal forces in beams, shear and moment diagram concepts, with empirical investigation of beam bending.

Prerequisites: MTH102 / Calculus II and PHY111 / Mechanics

## ARC312 / Building Systems II [3-0, 3 cr.]

This course is an introduction of the basic concepts of internal stresses and strains inside structural members and solid bodies, and the limit states for strength and deformation. Experimental investigation of the different types of stresses and the resulting deformations are covered. This course also makes use of computer software to model internal and external behavior of structural elements and assemblages of structural elements. The course serves to develop a physical understanding of the interrelationship of material properties, structural dimensions, and structural behavior and safety through the numerical simulation of the behavior of typical designs using simple computer packages.

Prerequisite: ARC311 / Building Systems I

## ARC331 / Design Studio III [3-6, 6 cr.]

This course builds upon and extends the theoretical knowledge gained in the foundation studios through a concrete application of conceptual and perceptual analysis to problems of small and medium scale in design, and the exploration of the limits and means of developing concepts into architectural form. The studio emphasizes the development of representational tools in translating ideas into architectural drawings and models, specifically stressing on the importance of drawing as a design tool.

Prerequisite: FND236 / Design Studio II

## ARC332 / Design Studio IV [3-6, 6 cr.]

This course further elaborates the process of theoretical investigation of space with emphasis on the communication of ideas through different representational models and tools. The course covers the study of small to medium scale projects, with emphasis on the basic principles of spatial design. References and case studies of canonical works in modern design may serve as a theoretical background in the continuing development of a theoretical foundation. In addition to the models, the elaboration of a complete set of architectural drawings for the final design, encompassing plans, sections, and elevations in addition to the models is also be expected at this stage.

Prerequisites: ARC331 / Design Studio III and ARC341 / Technical Graphics II

## ARC341 / Technical Graphics II [2-2, 3 cr.]

This course covers the specific application of technical drawings to architectural plans, sections and elevations, with two-dimensional and three-dimensional representations, axonometric, perspective, shades and shadows, applied to two-dimensional, three-dimensional and perspective drawings.

Prerequisite: ARC241 / Technical Graphics

## ARC342 / Technical Graphics III [2-2, 3 cr.]

This course covers the translation of the technical drawings of canonical projects into three-dimensional architectural models with different materials and techniques, and the development of the full set of corresponding architectural drawings (plans, sections, and elevations) at appropriate scales.

Prerequisite: ARC341 / Technical Graphics II

## ARC351 / Computer Graphics I [1-2, 2 cr.]

This course specifically addresses architectural applications in computer graphics for drafting of architectural plans, sections, elevations and details.

Prerequisite: FND251 / Digital Media

## ARC352 / Computer Graphics II [1-2, 2 cr.]

This course expands on the skills learned to cover new applications for surface and solid modeling as well as rendering material library, applications of light, leading to the development of complete project renderings.

Prerequisite: ARC351 / Computer Graphics I

## ARC361 / Theory I [2-0, 2 cr.]

This course introduces the major aesthetic theories in the field of design with an investigation of the relations between these theories and physical space in its aesthetic, social and cultural significance, examining the ideological frameworks behind paradigmatic changes and movements in aesthetics and their effects on the field of design.

## ARC363 / Theory II [2-0, 2 cr.]

This course is an in depth examination of the ideologies behind modern and post-modern culture and the influence of contemporary theories on the architectural and design cultures, with a thematic approach that deals with the specific aspects of contemporary practice.

Prerequisite: ARC361 / Theory I

## ARC371 / History of Architecture I [3-0, 3 cr.]

This course will trace the development of Western architecture from the Greek and Roman periods to the Byzantine, Gothic, Italian Renaissance, Late Renaissance and Baroque periods. Important icons and landmarks in art and architecture as well as the principles, technical developments and ideologies underlying these various movements will be analyzed. The course also studies the importance of cultural ideas and ideals and their relationships to the development of aesthetic forms, and more broadly, of civilization.

## ARC372 / History of Architecture II [2-0, 2 cr.]

This course traces the developments in architecture from Neo-Classicism in the 18th and 19th centuries to the full development of modern architecture in the 20th century, by examining the seminal projects and buildings that characterized these developments and their subsequent transformations in Post-Modernism, deconstructionism, and later trends.

Prerequisite: ARC371 / History of Architecture I

## ARC373 / History of Landscape Design [2-0, 2 cr.]

This course is an overview of the historical developments of landscape design with a survey of the ideas, principles and practical considerations behind the major landscape design cases under study, from the classical to the modern period.

## ARC375 / Introduction to Islamic Art (650 -1650) [3-0, 3 cr.]

This course is an introduction to the arts of the Muslim world from the rise of Islam until the advent of the early modern period. This course comprises a selective survey of artifacts drawn from a variety of media that represent the pinnacles of artistic accomplishment across the vast expanse of the Islamic world. Paintings, textiles, coins, ceramics, metal work, jewelry, and woodcarving will be investigated in the context of cultural history and examined in terms of their evolving forms, multiple meanings, and the development of a distinctively Islamic aesthetic. Particular emphasis will be placed on the spiritual content of Islamic art, the role of the artist in Islamic society, and the effect of religious pronouncements on the production of art.

## ARC376 / Introduction to Islamic Architecture (650 - 1650) [3-0, 3 cr.]

This course is a survey of the architectural heritage of the Islamic world from the early caliphate to the era of the Muslim superpowers of the pre-modern times. It traces the most significant and influential edifices of the Muslim world from Spain in the west to India in the east. Monuments are studied and analyzed in their political, religious, socio- economic, cultural, and aesthetic contexts. The course also examines the evolution of such varied building types as mosques, madrasas, mausoleums, caravanserays, and palaces. Selected structures is studied through a range of methodologies and the development of Islamic architecture is analyzed from the standpoint of the manipulation of space, materials, and building technology.

## ARC381 / Architectural Photography [1-2, 2cr.]

Advanced photography course emphasizing specific photographic techniques, lighting and composition, dealing with architectural and design subjects.

Prerequisite: PHO211 / Photography I

## ARC404 / Landscape Design Workshop [1-2, 2 cr.]

This course is an elaboration of an actual landscape design project or competition, either within the format of a regular term project or as a series of intensive workshops.

## ARC411 / Building Systems III [3-0, 3 cr.]

This course is an introduction to the different soil-structural systems, and the multiplicity of ways that they impact architectural design, in addition to the analysis of the properties of different structural systems. Discussion of the interaction between building envelopes and structural systems and the introduction of the current and applicable engineering structural models is covered.

Prerequisite: ARC312 / Building Systems II

## ARC412 / Building Systems IV [3-0, 3 cr.]

This course covers a selection of specific applications for the design of structural systems in conjunction with architectural design projects, or as applicable to a real life situation. Comparisons between computer / empirical simulation for design and code compliance, as well as the selection of one structural system (Concrete/ACI, Steel/AISC, or other) for detailed design, are covered.

Prerequisite: ARC312 / Building Systems II

## ARC421 / Building Technology I [2-0, 2 cr.]

This course is an overview of the major components of a building’s foundation—walls, openings, roof, floors—and their interrelationships through construction. The course includes analysis of different construction elements, structure, bearing walls, envelope, components with their variation in materials, in addition to the study of the different techniques used for the insulation of buildings.

## ARC422 / Building Technology II [2-0, 2 cr.]

This course is an analysis of the traditional construction systems, such as concrete, brick and wood construction and their various properties. The course focuses on the specific characteristic of each system and its compatibility with other materials, its physical treatment as well as the different possibilities of its finishing, weathering and maintenance.

## ARC431 / Design Studio V [3-6, 6 cr.]

This studio deals with projects that examine problems of different structures and materials and focuses on building technology, the building program, environmental and site factors as essential parameters in the development and resolution of a design project. The studio is given at the same time as the Building Technology courses in order to reinforce the relationship of conceptual design to materials and construction techniques, and as a means to give concrete form to design projects.

Prerequisite: ARC332 / Design Studio IV and Co-requisite: ARC421 / Building Technology I

## ARC432 / Design Studio VI [3-6, 6 cr.]

This course involves the development of projects of greater complexity in terms of functional and programmatic constraints with specific attention to the structural dimension in design according to the different technologies and building systems projected. This studio addresses technical and construction details and explores architectural detail as an essential element in the design process.

Prerequisite: ARC431 / Design Studio V and Co-requisite: ARC422 / Building Technology II

## ARC451 / Digital Modeling [2-2, 3 cr.]

An introduction to 3D digital modeling through generation, manipulation and total control of complex geometrical and free form objects as related to design issues and applications, enabling students to explore new tools for design.

Prerequisite: ARC352 / Computer Graphics II

## ARC452 / Computer Animation [2-2, 3 cr.]

An advanced visualization of space to user-defined lighting and materials, in order to generate realistic 3D-rendered walk-through, parts in motion, and animation techniques.

Prerequisite: ARC352 / Computer Graphics II

## ARC454 / Dynamic 3D Modeling [2-2, 3 cr.]

An introduction to building information modeling with the understanding of real-time modeling including spatial relationships and properties of building components.

Prerequisite: ARC352 / Computer Graphics II

## ARC461 / Topics in Architecture Theory [2-0, 2 cr.]

This course addresses architectural theories with a focus on the specific themes of contemporary relevance and importance. The course is run as an advanced theory seminar.

Prerequisite: ARC363 / Theory II

## ARC470 / History of 20th Century Architecture in the Middle East [3-0, 3 cr.]

This course traces architectural developments in the Middle East from the end of the 19th century to the present. The survey will cover the colonial period and the process of westernization in Middle Eastern countries, as well as the formation of national schools of architecture and the ensuing spread of Modernism. The problematic relationship between modernity and local traditions will be examined, in addition to the particular ‘postmodern’ reactions that followed. The impact of Modernism on urban development and the expansion of major cities such as Beirut, Cairo, Baghdad, Tehran, and Istanbul is also discussed.

Prerequisite: ARC372 / History of Architecture II

## ARC471 / Contemporary Trends [2-0, 2 cr.]

This course is a study of important design projects with analysis of their aesthetic concepts and structural innovations, focusing on particular themes and/or movements in contemporary design.

## ARC481 / Construction Documents [1-6, 4 cr.]

This course entails preparation of a full set of architectural working drawings for the execution of a mid-size building or project. The course also covers the basics of preparing a specifications document.

Prerequisites: ARC432 / Design Studio VI

## ARC482 / Regional Architecture I [2-0, 2 cr.]

This course is an analytical and historical survey of regional architectural heritage with a specific focus on the traditional domestic architecture of Lebanon and the analysis of setting and building techniques as well as other factors of the development of regional architecture in the 19th and 20th centuries.

Prerequisite: ARC332 / Design Studio IV

## ARC483 / Regional Architecture II [2-2, 3 cr.]

This course covers an on-site application of the study of regional architectural heritage with case studies, analysis and documentation of particular landmarks, religious structures, and domestic houses.

Prerequisite: ARC332 / Design Studio IV

## ARC484 / Regional Urbanism [2-2, 3 cr.]

This course entails students preparing a case study of a regional town, supported by a field survey of the urban environment and its historical development, as well as an investigation of the role of climate, topography, typology, building technology and other factors in the development of its urban plan and morphology.

Prerequisite: ARC332 / Design Studio IV

## ARC501 / Design Workshop I [0-2, 1 cr.]

This course is a workshop (taught in conjunction with Design Studio VII) that introduces new computer modeling and rendering techniques and/or explores new technologies in structural and environmental design.

Prerequisite: ARC432 / Design Studio VI and Co-requisite: ARC531 / Design Studio VII

## ARC502 / Design Workshop II [0-2, 1 cr.]

This course is a workshop in design topics that offers exposure to the practice of architecture in other contexts, revolving around specific and intensive design exercises, as a supplement to Design Studio VIII.

Prerequisite: ARC432 / Design Studio VI and Co-requisite: ARC532 Design Studio VIII

## ARC521 / Building Technology III [2-0, 2 cr.]

This course deals with detailing in design and the role of detail in the generation of design—from brick to wood and steel detailing—using actual drawings and/or actual construction exercises, at 1:1 or 1:2 scale of wall sections in different materials, as well as in fixture details, windows, and other architectural components.

## ARC522 / Building Technology IV [2-0, 2 cr.]

This course is an analysis of high-tech construction systems such as steel and glass as well as new systems and materials of construction and their various properties and technical advantages. The course focuses on the specific characteristics of each system/material and its compatibility with other materials and its physical treatment as well as the different possibilities of its finishing, weathering, and maintenance.

## ARC523 / Environmental Systems I [3-0, 3 cr.]

This course covers the study and design of plumbing systems in addition to heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning systems, with a survey of the different systems and their properties, cost analysis, and environmental factors including a survey of environmentally sound alternatives such as solar energy and heating, insulated walls, and alternative materials.

## ARC524 / Environmental Systems II [3-0, 3 cr.]

This course deals with two subjects: lighting and electrical circuits, and acoustics. The first part addresses the analysis of the basic electric circuits, with emphasis on energy management, electric ratings and capacity, wiring, and lighting systems and different lighting equipment, and the methods for building electrical systems. The second part is a survey of basic acoustical systems, theories, the acoustic properties of different materials used in buildings and their impact on noise reduction, as well as a study of the properties of acoustical spaces, such as theaters or concert halls.

## ARC531 / Design Studio VII [3-4, 5 cr.]

This course is an elaboration on projects with a continuing emphasis on technical, structural and environmental parameters in design. These are covered through the investigation of complex building types, stressing the necessity of adapting computer-aided means as a design tool in the early phases of the design process, namely from analysis to design production. The studio also investigates emerging technologies in environmental systems as a means to making new buildings more responsive to environmental issues.

Prerequisite: ARC432 / Design Studio VI and Co-requisite: ARC501 / Design Workshop I

## ARC532 / Design Studio VIII [3-4, 5 cr.]

This studio is open to new issues in design through engaging in projects that address contemporary design problems and/or use state of the art media in the process of design production and representation. Projects that deal with complex urban issues and/or competitions are encouraged at this stage.

Prerequisite: ARC531 / Design Studio VII and Co-requisite: ARC502 / Design Workshop II

## ARC551 / Computer Graphics Studio [2-4, 4 cr.]

A design studio oriented towards investigating and conceptualizing design problems through computer-aided tools from their initial stages to design development by means of new digital methodologies.

Prerequisite: Any two of the following courses: ARC451 / Digital Modeling, ARC452 / Computer Animation, ARC454 / Dynamic 3D Modeling

## ARC561 / Seminar [2-0, 2 cr.]

This course involves a series of lectures and/or presentations that focus discussion around ideas, theories and projects that influenced classical, modern or contemporary developments in architecture.

Prerequisite: ARC432 / Design Studio VI

## ARC580 / Topics in Architecture [3cr]

This series of courses deals with specific topics of current importance that are not usually covered in the Architecture curriculum. The topics and themes dealt with vary depending on contemporary problematics with the purpose of enriching students’ exposure to these issues. Every course in this series is assigned a subtitle once the theme is defined and is then listed in the course offerings.

Prerequisite: ARC432 / Design Studio VI

## ARC581 / Urban Planning I [3-0, 3 cr.]

This course is a survey of the city as a historical development in relation to economic, social and political factors, from the early settlements to the development of contemporary urbanism. It involves a broad overview of current planning theories, from the context of modernist ideals to the social studies of planners and sociologists.

Prerequisite: ARC432 / Design Studio VI

## ARC582 / Urban Planning II [2-0, 2 cr.]

This course is a study of actual planning processes, issues and problems, urban and regional zoning, and demographical projections, with comparative studies of regional or international planning cases.

Prerequisite: ARC581 Urban Planning I

## ARC583 / Internship [0-0, 1 cr.]

This course is an introduction to professional practice, with introductory lectures that outline the basics of the job search, application, and practical training. The course involves a documented practical experience in a professional firm, approved by the department.

Prerequisite: ARC481 / Construction Documents and ARC532 / Design Studio VIII

## ARC584 / Building Codes and Laws [1-0, 1 cr.]

This course is a study of local and regional building codes, with an introduction to other codes (USA, Europe, and the Arab World) as comparative tools and an introduction to the local laws governing the building industry.

## ARC585 / Professional Practice [2-0, 2 cr.]

This course introduces the business aspects of the design practice through exploration of the financial, legal, and managerial aspects of professional practice as well as contract negotiations, marketing design services, and management of client and contractor relationships, with an introduction to the economic and management principles of design projects, financing, cost-estimation, and budgeting.

Prerequisite: ARC432 / Design Studio VI

## ARC591 / International Studio [1-4, 3 cr.]

This course involves a study abroad covering the specific works of classical or modern architecture, supported by a preparatory series of lectures/presentations on the subject of study. Students are required to study, analyze and document specific works including their relationship to the urban history and culture of the area, which will be presented in a portfolio.

Prerequisite: ARC432 / Design Studio VI.

## ARC592 / International Workshop [1-2, 2 cr.]

This course is a workshop abroad at a host school revolving around specific and intensive architectural and urban design projects.

Prerequisite: ARC432 / Design Studio VI

## ARC601 / Final Project Research [0-2, 1 cr.]

This is a research course supervised by the advisor selected for the final project studio, with the elaboration and definition of a thesis proposal, including a detailed program and site analysis, as well as the documentation of any other relevant research material.

Prerequisite: ARC532 / Design Studio VIII

## ARC631 / Design Studio IX [3-4, 5 cr.]

This studio will concentrate on a design problem addressing the urban dimension in architecture. Projects in this studio analyze problems of practical relevance to contemporary urban settings, with an investigation of the social and ideological aspects of the urban design process. Projects in this studio deal with a comprehensive study of a city or a section of a large city, as a prelude to the development of a final project and as an elaboration to the studies developed in this studio.

Prerequisite: ARC532 / Design Studio VIII

## ARC632 / Design Studio X [3-4, 5 cr.]

The final studio in this sequence is an opportunity for students to develop an individual project through the formulation of a critical problem. The project must simultaneously address the various factors in the design process and lead to a synthesis that demonstrates a thorough understanding and resolution of the different issues analyzed in the design of a building, from the understanding of context, to structural and environmental systems, down to the details of construction.

Prerequisites: ARC601 / Final Project Research and ARC631 / Design Studio IX